Biochar Trials at Fourth Corner Nursery
Richard Haard, Fourth Corner Nursery, Bellingham, WA, December 6, 2007
Hello All - For your interest

I submitted to Tom for posting [attached] some initial soil analysis data from my charcoal block study. In am just beginning to compile a report on this work. When it is posted you will see soil analysis results averaged for each replication(2) for 2 dates , April and October. Listed are pH, Buffer pH, OM, Nitrate, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) and base exchange components, % Potassium, % Magnesium, % Calcium. Other soil analysis was taken but not presented here.

Keep in mind this is a 2 to 3 year study and no additional additions or treatments will be done other than continuous cropping and harvest of all growth, tops and roots, at our bare-root native plant nursery. It is my attempt to emulate Christoph Steiner, et al research in Manaus

Long term Effects of manure, charcoal and mineral fertilization on crop production and fertility on a highly weathered Central Amazonian upland soil

http://terrapreta.bioenergylists.org/node/442

Permaculture and Biochar Development - Queensland, Australia
Barry Batchelor, Permaculture Designer, December 6, 2007
Hi All
First I would like to introduce myself, My name is Barry Batchelor and I'm a Permaculture Designer living on a small scale developing sustainable farm 30km North of Brisbane Australia. I'm one of a handful of Permaculturists who are using or testing Biochar in their food systems in Australia.
Permaculture - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permaculture
While my talent is not the written word, I hope to show off some of the work I have been doing here, this is where my talent is and where my time is spent.
Note: most of the photo's are 200-400k

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Climate Change, Carbon and Plants Briefings
CRC for Greenhouse Acounting, Australia, 2006
At the briefings, leading scientists presented the latest information on how climate change might affect plants and plant-based industry, and how we might adapt.
Two briefings were held in 2006 - one in Melbourne on the 31st May and one in Sydney on the 13th June. In response to numerous requests from people unable to attend the briefings in person, the presentations were recorded and are now available online.
'Questions' and 'Panel' sessions include audience questions and discussion between presenters and audience, expanding on the material provided in the presentations.
Introduction
Future climates and Australia's greenhouse profile - Dr Michael Robinson [EXE, 10.51MB]
Questions and discussion [Melbourne] [MP3, 2.27MB]
Stream 1 - Carbon in the Landscape
Biomass carbon and Land Use Changes - Dr John Raison [EXE, 15.60MB]
Questions - [Sydney] [MP3, 7.82MB] [Melbourne] [MP3, 10.44MB]
Wood products as carbon stores; TimberCam - Mr Fabiano Ximenes [EXE, 10.94MB]

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Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE)
The consortium for research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) is a multi-institutional research effort involving Argonne, Oak Ridge, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratories and partnered Universities. Established in 1999 and sponsored by the Climate Change Research Division (CCRD) of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research within the U.S Department of Energy

Sustainable Farm Scale Income producing Carbon Negative Fuels, Fertilizer, Food and Co-Products.
Danny Day, EPRIDA, United Nations Commission on Sustainability, May 7, 2007

Small farms can reverse global
warming by
1. Producing the fuels needed to grow their food crops.
2. Improving soil productivity on existing crop land.
3. Improving biodiversity to increase farm co-product income.
4. Taking part in producing terra preta soils.

True Value of Carbon in Agricultural Soils
Hatfield, J.L. 2007. True Value of Carbon in Agricultural Soils [CD-ROM]. South Dakota No Till Association Annual Conference.
Technical Abstract:

Distinguishing Black Carbon from Biogenic Humic Substances in Soil Clay Fractions
Laird, David, Chappell, Mark, Martens, Dean, Wershaw, Robert, Thompson, Michael
Geoderma, October 3, 2007
Interpretive Summary:

Research Project: Biogeochemical Processes Influencing Formation and Stabilization of Soil Organic Matter and Soil Structure
National Soil Tilth Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA
Location: Soil and Water Quality Research
Project Number: 3625-11120-003-00
Project Type: Appropriated
Start Date: Apr 25, 2006
End Date: Apr 24, 2011
Objective:

Improving water and soil resources for tree production - Vietnam
NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Summary

Water for irrigation is a scarce resource in topical dry seasons. Nutrient losses due to erosion and leaching are high in topical wet seasons. This project will evaluate practices within horticultural tree crops to increase the efficiency of use of scarce irrigation water and applied nutrients in subtropical NSW and Vietnam. The project will evaluate the potential to apply partial rootzone drying to cashew and macadamia nut crops. The effect of biochar on soil nutrient and water availability will be assessed.
Project Objectives

The objectives of this research project are to:

Dynamotive in Iowa Biochar Test to Boost Corn Yields, Water Quality and Sequester Carbon
Business Wire, May 29, 2007
Joint Research Project to Use Ancient Amazonian Farmland Soil Enrichment Techniques

ARLINGTON, Va. -- Dynamotive USA, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dynamotive Energy Systems Corporation (OTCBB:DYMTF), a leader in biomass-to-biofuel technology, announced it is taking part in a project to test biochar, a co-product of the company's BioOil([R]) biofuel, as a soil enhancer to increase fertility and corn crop yields.
The project is led by Heartland BioEnergy LLC, based in Webster City, Iowa. Heartland proposes to build a biorefinery in central Iowa that would include a BioOil([R]) and biochar plant developed in partnership with Dynamotive and several agriculture equipment companies.

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POTENTIAL FOR PYROLYSIS CHAR TO AFFECT SOIL MOISTURE AND NUTRIENT STATUS OF A LOAMY SAND SOIL
J.W. Gaskin, Adam Speir, L.M. Morris, Lee Ogden, Keith Harris, D. Lee, and K.C Das, Proceedings of the 2007 Georgia Water Resources Conference, held March 27

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Pyrolysis Char Rejuvenates Tired Soils
Jerry W. Kram, Biomass Magazine, Octgober 2007

In the Amazon, a mysterious, black soil was discovered that was much more productive than the surrounding red clay. Research has determined that these soils were created more than 1,000 years ago by the area natives. Now, as scientists try to recreate those soils, biomass producers could be the big beneficiaries.

Jerry W. Kram is a Biomass Magazine staff writer.

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Studies of the Compositions of Humic Acids from Amazonian Dark Earth Soils
Etelvino H. Novotny, Eduardo R. de Azevedo, Tito J. Bonagamba, Tony J. F. Cunha, Beta E. Madari, Vin

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Climate Change/Pro-Natura
Guy F. Reinaud, Pro-Natura International, November 24, 20007

Dear Friends and Members of Pro-Natura,

The importance of spreading knowledge about climate change is emphasized by the Nobel Peace Prize being awarded to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Al Gore. GreenFacts* is pleased to contribute, in collaboration with Pro-Natura International, to disseminating the most recent scientific findings on the subject by publishing a faithful, reader-friendly summary of the latest IPCC assessment report (see attached document).

Heartiest congratulations from the Pro-Natura team to Jean Jouzel, Vice-President of the IPCC.

We are also happy to announce that, through the GoodPlanet Action Carbon programme, Air France is now offering passengers the opportunity to offset their CO2 emissions with carbon credits from Pro-Natura

UN Climate Change Conference: Biochar present at the Bali Conference
Christoph Steiner, to Terra Preta Discussion List, November

I was hoping that biochar finds a hearing at the UN climate change conference in Bali. I am very glad that biochar got two hours in Bali:
December 13, 13:00-15:00, Bali International Convention Center
biochar.org Events

Theme UNCCD: Sustainable Land Management for Adaptation to Climate Change

Welcome Statement: Executive secretary of the UNCCD

Keynote Statement: President of the UNCCD COP

Presenters:

* Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Zech; University of Bayreuth


An overview of naturally occurring soil carbon, its depletion and how to redress this trend. The origin of Terra Preta soils and how their replication could have the most significant impact on the achievement of the targets of the World Food Summit.

Comment to bioenergy with carbon storage (BECS)
Christoph Steiner, to the Terra Preta Discussion List, November 8, 2007


Carbon-negative bioenergy to cut global warming could drive deforestation:
An interview on BECS with Biopact’s Laurens Rademakers Mongabay.com (November 6, 2007) http://news.mongabay.com/2007/1106-carbon-negative_becs.html


The article on mongabay.com deals about a proposed mechanism for generating carbon-negative bioenergy. Bioenergy with carbon storage (BECS) holds out the prospect of reducing CO2 from the atmosphere while producing carbon-negative energy. The article provides an informative introduction on how “carbon-negativity” is feasible and assumes geosequestration (developed from the “clean coal” industry,
CO2 capture in depleted oil and gas fields, saline aquifers etc.) as the sequestering tool. Laurens Rademakers delineates the risks such as deforestation of tropical rainforests and leakage of geosequestration. In addition these technologies require vast capital inputs and large scale projects.

Carbon Sequestration by Carbonization of Biomass and Forestation: Three Case Studies
Makoto Ogawa,Yasuyuki Okimori, Fumio Takahashi, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Volume 11, Number 2, March 2006 , pp. 421-436(16)
Publisher: Springer


Abstract:

Rethinking biochar Will amending soil with charcoal make it more fertile and combat global warming?
Environmental Science and Technology, Technology News, August 1, 2007

Charcoal From Smallwood
in "Niche Marketing Strategies for Products from Small-Diameter Timber
A.L. (Tom) Hammett, Professor, Phil Radtke, and Robert L. Smith, Professor and Extension Specialist, Department of Wood Science & Forest Products, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, Smallwood 2006
[img_assist|nid=501|title=Ready for Bag|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=400|height=314]

Terra Preta: Homepage about Anthrohumox in Brazilian Lowland
Gerhard Bechtold, University of Bayreuth/Munchen, Germany, November 2007
Consultant for National (Geo-)Information Systems and Database Setup, for Natural
Resources Assessments


GIS MAP of Terra Preta Sites in the Amazon
Summary of Thesis about Anthrohumox in Brazilian Lowland (2007)


In the Amazon lowland, Oxisol developed in scattered areas to

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Charcoal degradation - uncertainties about its half life
Mariska Evelein, November 15, 2007

A problem I stumbled across today is the half life of charcoal in the
environment.

No one seems to have rigorous scientific proof that charcoal is inert, but we
are all assuming it is.

According to the attached peer reviewed article (new directions in black carbon
organic geochemistry, masiello, 2004) there are some serious gaps in how much
black carbon is produced yearly and how much of it we find in the environment,
suggesting there is either a problem with our scientific experiments, or there
are other processes that cause a black carbon loss that we haven't found out
about yet. Even a thousand year life span can't explain the carbon quantities.

Robert Flanagan's Biochar Stove: Carbon Negative Cooking
David Yarrow, TERRA: The Earth Restoration & Renewal Alliance, October 30, 2007
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[img_assist|nid=496|title=|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=400|height=279]

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