Fertilizers and Plant Nutrition
FAO Agriculture Department Crop and Grassland Service

Information Systems ++Databases ++Websites

A Study of Biopesticides and Biofertilisers in Haryana, India
Ghayur Alam 2000

Introduction
The use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers in Indian agriculture has seen a sharp
increase in recent years. In some areas, such as Haryana, Punjab and west Uttar
Pradesh, it has reached alarming levels. The heavy use of these chemicals has already
caused grave damage to health, ecosystems and ground water. It is therefore increasingly
urgent that environmentally friendly methods of improving soil fertility and pests and
disease control are used.

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Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use
Krishniworld, The Pulse of Indian Agriculture

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REGIONAL PROGRAMME ON INTEGRATED PLANT NUTRITION SYSTEMS (IPNS)
FADINAP's Regional IPNS programme in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Philippines, and Pakistan from 1997 to mid-2002

FADINAP's IPNS programme aims at assisting member countries to render sustainable agricultural production patterns through stabilization of soil fertility, ensuring better yields, and increased rural incomes.

IPNS Training Manual

Bio-fertiliers
Indiaagronet.com Manures & Fertilizers

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Enriching vermicompost by nitrogen fixing and phosphate solubilizing bacteria
Vivek KumarCorresponding Author Contact Information, a and K. P. Singhb
a Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India
b Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India

Abstract

Development of multiple co-inoculants of different biofertilizers and their interaction with plants
Pooja Suneja a; S. S. Dudeja a; Neeru Narula a
Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University. Hisar. India 7 April 2007
Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, Volume 53, Issue 2 April 2007 , pages 221 - 230

Abstract

Charcoal Products: Eco-fabric Contains Nano Particles of Charcoal
Greenyarn

Eco-fabric is fabric made by Greenyarn that contains nano-particles of bamboo-charcoal.
All its properties come from weaving fiber containing nano-particles of bamboo-charcoal
in way to bring out most of the benefits

How is Eco-fabric made?
Eco-fabric's bamboo-carbon nano-particles comes from 4-5 years old Taiwanese Moso Bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla pubescens) that is grown naturally in the Jhushan, Taiwan (bamboo mountain ).

Effective Utilization of Waste Products for Agriculture Based on Carbonization
Yoshiyuki Shinogi, Masaru Yamaoka,Takanori Saito
National Institute for Rural Engineering , 2-1-6 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8609 , Japan

Abstract .

Processes: 
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NUTRIENT LEACHING FROM CARBON PRODUCTS OF SLUDGE
Yoshiyuki Shinogi, National Institute for Rural Engineering, Japan, 2004
ASABE/CSAE Paper 0440063

ABSTRACT
We proposed pyrolysis as a promising optional technology for recycling waste products,
especially sewage sludge and animal waste (manure). In this study, nutrient (nitrogen,

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MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ARTIFICIAL MEDIA COMPOSED OF RICE HUSK AND DEMONSTRATION ON SWEET POTATO CULTIVATION
S.Yamanaka1, A.Tanaka2, K. Nakaji3
1Department of Bioproduction Environmental Science, Kyushu University, 6-10-1,
Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan. ytsimsk@agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp
2Coastal Bioenvironment Center, Saga University, 152-1, Shonan-cho, Karatsu 847-0021,
Saga, Japan. tanakaa@cc.saga-u.ac.jp
3University Farm, Kyushu University, Kasuya-cho, Kasuya-gun, Fukuoka 811-2307,
Japan. knkjfam@mbox.nc.kyushu-u.ac.jp

ABSTRACT

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traditional beehive kiln
advanced beehive kiln

Advanced Brazilian Beehive Kiln
Ken Newcomber, Katoomba Working Group, Rio de Janerio, Brazil 2001

Traditional Brazilian Brick Beehive Kiln Used in about 90% of Brazilian Charcoal operations
Efficiency:
About 4m3 wood for 1m3 Charcoal

Improved Brazilian Brick Kiln:

Advanced Brazilian Beehive Kiln
Collects Tars and Pyrolytic Oils in smoke –
minimizes local air pollution. Efficiency: Better than
2m3 Wood per m3 charcoal

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Charcoal Use in Japan (From Japanese Market News: Charcoal 2000)
IBPC Osaka Network Center

1. In Japanese, charcoal is called "mokutan", or sometimes simply "sumi". Long ago, charcoal used to be the main source of fuel for household use, and was as important a necessity of life as rice. Domestic output in around 1955 was approximately 2 million tons. Output gradually dropped year by year, however, because of the switch to the

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RDF (and biomass waste) Carbonizing System
Environmental Solutions Center, JFE Holdings, Inc., Tokyo, Japan

Processes: 
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BBC: The Secret of El Dorado
December 19, 2006

In 1542, the Spanish Conquistador, Francisco de Orellana ventured along the Rio Negro, one of the Amazon Basin's great rivers. Hunting a hidden city of gold, his expedition found a network of farms, villages and even huge walled cities. At least that is what he told an eager audience on his return to Spain.

"No one ever saw again what Orellana described"
Dr James Petersen, University of Vermont
The prospect of gold drew others to explore the region, but none could find the people of whom the first Conquistadors had spoken. The missionaries who followed a century later reported finding just isolated tribes of hunter-gatherers. Orellana's story seemed to be no more than a fanciful myth.

A proven liar?

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Terra Preta
Philip Coppens

In the depths of the Amazonian basin, a specific type of soil is found that is known to be of human origin

Bokashi Composting Australia
Bokashi Composting Australia, NSW

The Bokashi Bucket

"The Bokashi Bucket is a practical and convenient alternative for transforming kitchen waste into a nutrient rich soil conditioner. This unique composting system uses the revolutionary EM (Effective Micro-Organism) Bokashi to create the ideal conditions for airtight (anaerobic) composting."

How Bokashi Works
Bokashi Workshops
Products
Order Form
News
Contact

"Bokashi kitchen composting is easy and effective!
As Seen on Better Homes & Gardens"

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Development of a Comprehensive Series of Technologies for Lowland Cropping Systems in Northeast Thailand
Nobuyuki KABAKI1, Haruo TAMURA, Shinsaku FUJIMORI,Hirohiko MORITA4 , Bowpit URAIPONG5 , Uthai ARROMRATANA5 and Tawachai Na NAGARA5
Japan International Research center for Agricultural Sciences,
JARQ - January 2003 - (Vol. 37 No. 1 )

5. Efficient use of agri-byproducts

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Potential of Pyrolyzed Organic Matter in Soil Amelioration
Bruno Glaser, Johannes Lehmann, Christoph Steiner, Thomas Nehls,
Muhammad Yousaf and Wolfgang Zech, 12th ISCO Conference Beijing 2002

Abstract:

Long-Term Carbon Sequestration Using Charcoal
Amrith S. Gunasekara, Victor P. Claassen, Thomas Young, and Ronald Tjeerdema, University of California at Davis, 2005

INTRODUCTION
Long term carbon sequestration is highly dependent on the recalcitrance of organic matter in soils. If the carbon to be sequestered is not recalcitrant in the soil, microbial decomposition of the organic matter will reintroduce the carbon into the
atmosphere as carbon dioxide.

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