Biodegradation of Charcoal Production Wastes
USGS Toxic Substances Hydrology Program, Toxics Program Remediation Activities

Kingsford, Michigan


* Waste Waters (Pyroligneous Acid)
* Hydrocarbons (Creosote and Tar)



Charcoal Use in Japan (From Japanese Market News: Charcoal 2000)
IBPC Osaka Network Center

1. In Japanese, charcoal is called "mokutan", or sometimes simply "sumi". Long ago, charcoal used to be the main source of fuel for household use, and was as important a necessity of life as rice. Domestic output in around 1955 was approximately 2 million tons. Output gradually dropped year by year, however, because of the switch to the


RDF (and biomass waste) Carbonizing System
Environmental Solutions Center, JFE Holdings, Inc., Tokyo, Japan


Development of a Comprehensive Series of Technologies for Lowland Cropping Systems in Northeast Thailand
Nobuyuki KABAKI1, Haruo TAMURA, Shinsaku FUJIMORI,Hirohiko MORITA4 , Bowpit URAIPONG5 , Uthai ARROMRATANA5 and Tawachai Na NAGARA5
Japan International Research center for Agricultural Sciences,
JARQ - January 2003 - (Vol. 37 No. 1 )

5. Efficient use of agri-byproducts


Long-Term Carbon Sequestration Using Charcoal
Amrith S. Gunasekara, Victor P. Claassen, Thomas Young, and Ronald Tjeerdema, University of California at Davis, 2005

Long term carbon sequestration is highly dependent on the recalcitrance of organic matter in soils. If the carbon to be sequestered is not recalcitrant in the soil, microbial decomposition of the organic matter will reintroduce the carbon into the
atmosphere as carbon dioxide.

Proliferation of Microorganisms in Compost by Addition of Bamboo Charcoals
Shuji Yoshizawa, Michio Ohata, Satoko Tanaka, ACER News vol 2 June 2005
Asian Center for Environmental Research (ACER), Meisei University, Japan


The Art, Science, and Technology of Charcoal Production
Michael Jerry Antal, Jr., Morten Gronli, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 42 (8), 1619 -1640, 2003. 10.1021/ie0207919 S0888-5885(02)00791-1 Web Release Date: March 14, 2003




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