Comparisons of porous and adsorption properties of carbons activated by steam and KOH

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Colloid Interface Sci, Volume 283, Number 1, p.49-56 (2005)


0021-9797 (Print)

Accession Number:



Adsorption, Biophysics/methods, Carbon/ chemistry, Colloids/ chemistry, Diffusion, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Hydroxides/ chemistry, Kinetics, Methylene Blue/chemistry, Models, Statistical, Phenol/chemistry, Phenols, Pistacia, Potassium Compounds/ chemistry, Pressure, Steam, Temperature, Time Factors, Wood


In this work, fir woods and pistachio shells were used as source materials to prepare porous carbons, which were activated by physical (steam) and chemical (KOH) methods. Pore properties of these activated carbons including the BET surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution, and pore diameter were first characterized by a t-plot method based on N(2) adsorption isotherms. Highly porous activated carbons with BET surface area up to 1009-1096 m(2)/g were obtained. The steam and KOH activation methods produced carbons with mesopore content in the range 9-15 and 33-49%, respectively. The adsorption equilibria and kinetics of tannic acid, methylene blue, 4-chlorophenol, and phenol from water on such carbons at 30 degrees C were then investigated to check their chemical characteristics. The Freundlich equation gave a better fit to all adsorption isotherms than the Langmuir equation. On the other hand, the intraparticle diffusion model could best follow all adsorption processes. In comparison with KOH-activated carbons, it was shown that the rate of external surface adsorption with steam-activated carbons was significantly higher but the rate of intraparticle diffusion was much lower.


Using Smart Source ParsingMar 1