Sustainability and Reality of Projects of Carbon Sequestration by Carbonization and Forestation (CCF)

Tom Miles

Sustainability and reality of the projects of Carbon sequestration by Carbonization and Forestation (CCF) as a biomass conversion option
Makoto Ogawa, Yasuyuki Okimori*, Fumio Takahashi, ACC Strategy, Abrupt Climate change, Paris, September 2004

Approximately half of the carbon in woods can be fixed to charcoal by carbonization, and charcoal is useful as an agent of soil amendment, water purification, etc. We proposed a project of Carbon sequestration by Forestation and Carbonization (CFC) as Kyoto Mechanism projects, which involves biomass utilization and land conservation by incorporating the carbonization of biomass residue and waste from tree plantations and wood industries, and also the utilization of carbon products in various fields. Three feasibility studies have being conducted in several countries under the CFC scheme. The first feasibility study in Indonesia focused on carbonization of a large amount of wood residue after harvesting in an industrial plantation of fast-growing trees and wood waste from a pulp mill. The second feasibility study was conducted in semi-arid region in West Australia where carbonization of wood residue was linked on multipurpose projects of mallee eucalyptus plantation involving the function of
salinity prevention. The third feasibility study in Japan was conducted on an effective use of extra heat from a garbage incinerator for carbonizing any woody materials. Although business complex is required at every project, charcoal production and non-fuel utilization should be recognized as one of the most promising CO2 sequestration methods.

Session B1 : Biomass production and land use change; carbon capture and
sequestration options