Morphological characteristics of Quercus variabilis charcoal prepared at different temperatures

Author: 
Tom Miles

Morphological characteristics of Quercus variabilis charcoal prepared at different temperatures
Nam-Hun Kim1 and Robert B. Hanna2
(1) Department of Wood Science and Engineering, College of Forest Sciences, Kangwon National University, 200-701 Chunchon, Korea
(2) Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies, SUNY-ESF, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA

Abstract

The morphology of charcoals was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Charcoal of Quercus variabilis was prepared in an electric furnace under nitrogen gas atmosphere at 400, 600, 800 and 1,000