Mineral Soils conditioned by Man: Anthrosols (AT)

Tom Miles

Mineral Soils conditioned by Man Anthrosols (AT)
FAO LECTURE NOTES ON THE MAJOR SOILS OF THE WORLDISBN 925-104637-9 FAO 2001

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

The World Reference Base for Soil Resources

Reference Soil Groups

Set #1. Organic Soils Histosols

Set #2. Mineral Soils conditioned by Man Anthrosols (AT)

Set #3. Mineral Soils conditioned by Parent Material

Major landforms in volcanic landscapes Andosols (AN)

Major landforms in landscapes with sands Arenosols(AR)

Major landforms in landscapes with smectites Vertisols (VR)

Set #4. Mineral Soils conditioned by Topography

Major landforms in alluvial lowlands Fluvisols (FL)
(with special attention for Thionic Fluvisols)
Gleysols (GL)

Major landforms in mountains and formerly glaciated regions Leptosols (LP)

Regosols (RG)

Set #5. Mineral Soils conditioned by Limited Age Cambisols (CM)

Set #6. Mineral Soils conditioned by a Wet (Sub)Tropical Climate

Major landforms in the (sub-)humid tropics
Plinthosols (PT)
Ferralsols (FR)
Alisols (AL)1
Nitisols (NT)
Acrisols (AC)
Lixisols (LX)

Set #7. Mineral Soils conditioned by a (semi-)Arid Climate

Major landforms in (semi-)arid regions
Solonchaks (SC)
Solonetz (SN)
Gypsisols (GY)
Durisols (DU)
Calcisols (CL)

Set #8. Mineral Soils conditioned by a Steppic Climate

Major landforms in steppe regions
Chernozems (CH)
Kastanozems (KS)
Phaeozems (PH)

Set #9. Mineral Soils conditioned by a (Sub)Humid Temperate Climate

Major landforms in (Sub-)Humid Temperate Regions
Podzols (PZ)
Planosols (PL)
Albeluvisols (AB)
Luvisols (LV)
Umbrisols (UM)

Set #10. Mineral Soils conditioned by Permafrost
Cryosols

References

Annexes

Annex 1. Key to Reference Soil Groups
Annex 2. Diagnostic horizons, properties and materials
Annex 3. Qualifiers (formative elements for naming soil units)
Annex 4. Suggestions for ranking qualifiers in soil unit names