Sorption Hysteresis of Benzene in Charcoal Particles

Tom Miles

Sorption Hysteresis of Benzene in Charcoal Particles
Washington J. Braida,Joseph J. Pignatello, Yuefeng Lu,Peter I. Ravikovitch,Alexander V. Neimark,and Baoshan Xing, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2003

Charcoal is found in water, soil, and sediment where it may act as a sorbent of organic pollutants. The sorption of organic compounds to natural solids often shows hysteresis. The purpose of this study was to determine the source of pronounced hysteresis that we found in the sorption of a hydrophobic compound (benzene) in water to a maple-wood charcoal prepared by oxygen-limited pyrolysis at 673 K. Gas adsorption (N2, Ar, CO2), 13C NMR, and FTIR show the charcoal to be a microporous solid composed primarily of elemental (aromatic) C and secondarily of carboxyl and phenolic C. Nonlocal density functional theory (N2, Ar) and Monte Carlo (CO2) calculations reveal a porosity of 0.15 cm3/g, specific surface area of 400 m2/g, and appreciable porosity in ultramicropores